[Ai Qing] (1910?1996) Contemporary Poets.Formerly known as Jiang Haicheng, pen name Curcuma plus, Yasar, forest wall, etc..Zhejiang Jinhua.Childhood upbringing by a 5-year-old home to poor peasant woman.In mid-1928 the painting at the National College of Art in Hangzhou West Lake.The following year went to study in France.In early 1932, returning home to join Chinese left-wing coalition of Fine Arts in Shanghai, engaged in revolutionary cultural activities, and soon arrested, in prison, wrote a lot of poetry, which – after the “big weir River, my nanny,” published sensational, fame.Released from prison in mid-1935, the following year published his first book of poems “big weir River”, showing the deep and sincere feelings of the poet’s love for the motherland, earthy rich, Chen Xiong poetry, melancholy and sentimental mood.War broke out, Ai Qing into anti-Japanese movement in Hankou, Chongqing and other places, as “literary position” editorial, Yucai School literature department and other staff.Yan’an in mid-1941, as “poetry” editor.He deeply infected and over the anti-Japanese war in the spirit of the times, he learned poetry, became the climax of his creation during the war, published the “North”, “the sun”, “wilderness”, “torch”, “notice the dawn “” Ray drill “and 9 poems.Poems talk with the suffering of the nation, he praised the fighting motherland, permeated with the atmosphere of the times, forceful strokes, momentum magnificent, energetic high-spirited mood, which is to Yan’an after significant changes in writing style plays.Anti-Japanese War victory, he served as vice president of North China Union University literary, responsible for administrative work.After the founding of People’s Republic of China, Ai Qing as the “People’s Literature,” deputy editor, Quanguowenlian members of staff.His works include “jewel of the Red Star”, “black eel”, “Spring”, “the Cape”.In mid-1957 it was wrongly classified as a right.Went to Heilongjiang, Xinjiang live and work, the creation of a 20-year break.Write again until mid-1976, there was another upsurge creation.After the 1979 mid-vindication, he was appointed vice chairman Writers Association, PEN Center vice president and other staff, visited a lot of countries in Europe, America and Asia.The creation of a collection of poems “color of Poems” and “extraterritorial set”, published “Ai Qing narrative poems” “Ai Qing lyrical poems”, as well as multiple versions of “Ai Qing Selected Poems” and “The Complete Works of Ai Qing”.Anthology “Return of the song” and “Snow Lotus” won the Chinese Writers Association, the National Outstanding Award for Poetry.Since 1936, Ai Qing published more than 20 poems, also wrote essays “Poetry”, “New Literary Essays”, “Ai Qing about poetry,” and a collection of essays and poems translated each one.His works have been translated into more than 10 kinds of text published abroad.In the history of Chinese poetry development, Ai Qing, after Guo and Wen, and others to promote a generation of poetry and the poet exerted an important influence in the world also enjoy a reputation.In 1985, France awarded the highest medal Yiqing Wen School of Art.1910 Born in Zhejiang Jinhua County farm field jiangcun of a feudal family.In mid-1928 after graduating from high school admitted to the National Academy of Art in Hangzhou West Lake.Paris in mid-1929 to encourage work-study program under the principal of Lin, studied painting at the same time, the contact with European modernist poetry.Belgian poet where Er Halun to his greatest impact.In mid-1932 in Shanghai, China joined the left-wing Alliance of Artists.First published in mid-1933 with the pseudonym Ai Qing’s poem “big weir river – my nanny” sincere feelings, poetry fresh sensation Parnassus.After being published collection of poems, “North Wind”, “big weir River” (1939) “torch” (1947), “Dawn Notice” (1941) “to the sun”, “cheers collection”, “jewel of the Red Star”, “Spring”, etc. , strokes forceful, strong feelings, talk to the emotion of the motherland and the people.After the liberation of poetry are “cheering collection”, “Spring”, etc..After mid-1948 he published “on the waves”, “Light of the hymn,” “Roman Colosseum big” and more than two hundred poems.Published “Ai Qing anthology”, etc..Another essays “Poetry” “Poetry”, “New Poetry” and other works.In 1985, he won France’s highest medal of literature and art, which is the highest award the first foreign literature and art of our country get poet.His poems “I love this land” elected PEP high school textbooks.”North” was selected for Jiangsu compulsory three Chinese book.1, I love this land >>>>>> [Read more] 2, snow >>>>>> [Read more] 3, gardening people dream in the land of China >>>>>> [Read full] 4, then >>>>> idol [read] 5, drawn bird hunter >>>>> [read], the “dawn notice” in FIG. 6 >>> >>> [read] 7 “thrush” >>>>>> [read] As shown, the “torch” 8 >>>>>> shown, Ai Qing Yi Baishi [read] FIG 9 >>>>> [read] 10 young city >>>>> [read] 11, to Ulanova >>>>> [read] FIG 12 shows, Dayanhe my mother >>>>>> [read more] As shown, the “light of the hymn” 13 >>>>>> [read more] 14, reef >>>>>> [read more ] February 1938, as the war approached Yellow Thunder, Ai Qing ancient Tongguan wrote the song “North”, published in April of that year frontispiece “July” magazine.A year later I saw this poem, I was lucky enough to get a collection of poems “North”.This anthology is removed outside this poem, but also income than a dozen short poems.Small format sixty four open, but the binding is unusually generous and simple, there is little floral pattern, being consistent with its style poetic temperament Ai Qing.So I cherish this little collection of poems, day and night packed in pocket.This is a palm-sized collection of poems, in the long difficult war era, he had strongly touched the soul of a generation of youth literature.I am also subject to its influence and inspiration to start writing poetry seriously study and know what is real poetry. Ai Qing in the anthology “North” the preface said: “I am very fond of plain, hobby, so my feelings have no shelter, and I was to myself that there is no masking the emotion aroused joy.For a long time, I have written poetry in such circumstances in.”It’s just a few sincere confession, to understand this verse poem Ai Qing and even life, is an extremely important tips.”Northern” This poem is the most distinctive artistic features simple, emotion without shelter. I remember half a century before the first exhibition when reading this poem, beginning as a four-line poem Kohiki, it grabbed my attention, I feel very intimate nature, it is hot to close my uncultivated mind: ” until one day / poet on the Horqin grassland / said to me: / ‘north is sad.”” This quatrain if gently opened the door, stepped into the immense step to make me think fondly of the day and night northern vast world, and awakened my slumbering emotions nearly all poetry.I soon wrote “Ordos grassland”, “North” aroused my passion for writing poetry.Then I certainly would not know this “poet on the Horqin grassland” is the good side of this budding.For him, the North is undoubtedly the most familiar, affectionate words of his sentence will be bloody tear northern soul exposed to cross out.Ai Qing and write novels Duanmu known as a poet, but also very profound meaning of.Really, in the year can say “the North is sad,” this sentence, it should be revered poet. Duanmu and Ai Qing said, “Northern is sad,” it is a deep, deep real realm, at least I was feeling, it is not only about the desolate beauty of nature is concerned, there is a deeper meaning “sorrow” and “North” are two ordinary words, but once the fate of the two words associated together, they soon became affectionately call, there is a sense of the depth of history.This is unsolicited language of life, it can only be so simple. A poem, so kind and write naturally, the history of poetry since the May Fourth Movement was the first time it?”Is this the language of poetry?”In the past, someone raised this criticism. ”Yes / North is sad.”. The poet wrote this poem spoken with kindness, consistent with his bare ground pains to express inner feelings intention, he can only write so even with challenging attitude.Exclusion gorgeous pretense, rejected empty talk the language, the use of fresh and elastic sense of the flow of language and tone, which is the art of modern poetry should be some elements.Difficulties of this, for the year novice youth poetry is the most attractive and inspiration.It guides such free verse with prose writing from the United States a generation. Ai Qing style free verse poetry is not to leave, but more truly reflects the poetry.When we recite this song, “North”, the poet will be able to understand why such a branch: “North is a sad / and thousands of miles of the Yellow / raging muddy waves / to the majority of the North / pouring the disaster and misfortune; / and age weathered / carved with / vast / poverty and hunger in the north ah.”Can only be read on one breath, wheezing and can not stop, the reader’s heart can only beat poet with honest emotion.The tone poem is Chenhuan, powerful, not only failed to branches of feeling, when Yin read, but also deeply appreciate the rhythm of these fluctuations verse is the emotional ups and downs.No feet rhyme, but not those of foreign academic “alliteration” and “waist rhyme”.However, Ai Qing’s poem read (not only refers to the “North”) deep rhythm, we can still read it naturally has to shake a sense of inner.Ai Qing free verse, in fact, has a high degree of control of the poem, it’s free, is not loose, it must have the truth, artistic personality, poet belongs only to the creation of the poem Sentiment, so that it reveals a totally one, allows readers to immerse breathing realm in which the majority of. Ai Qing Why write poetry dedicated to the “North” this context, also the creation of “inspired joy.”?It explains the kind of art in itself has created the creator of strange realm of pleasure, but I think, Ai Qing was also another pleasure challenger almost, this is the year he rushed from the popular idea out, get relief, it is also a pleasure.In those years (late thirties to early forties) and some poetry has no real feelings, only with hollow cry momentum in order to achieve convincing readers.There are also other poems, making a fuss, moan and more sick, their solitude production of sophisticated poetry masturbation.Ai Qing’s poem entire line is not moaning, despite so deep sorrow (national, personal).There are not sad moan, must have a strong personality (Ai Qing’s character as well as stubborn and hard straight quality).Whether empty cry, or hollow groan, no doubt, are abstract idea of making non-poetry.The poem is always simple and healthy, it is absolutely no need to use the concept of a solemn and beautiful words to decorate.Thus the battle then write simple poetry a field of aesthetics is very sensitive.Ai Qing Poetry in the article talked about this many times. Reading Ai Qing’s poem, especially the song “North” and those poems he wrote in the north, a little not feel there is any gap between the poet and his poems with readers, from what has psychological, emotional formed direct exchange.Such as writing the northern natural scene, no exaggeration, no virtual readers really real sense of place in them, and felt so heavy soul awakened profound suffering and vast land of the nation brought a sense of.The last few lines of the poem the poet, sorrow elevated to tremendous power, and has a deep Jun philosophizing: “I love this sad land, / its vast and barren land lean / bring us to the simple words / and wide stance, / I believe that words and gestures / strong life on earth / never perish; / I love this sad land, / ancient homeland / – this land / brought up for my love / World the most difficult / and the oldest race.”It’s a dozen lines of heavy verse, tells the mind and temperament Ai Qing.”North,” the language and situations, and it shows broad gesture, it is sad and ancient homeland and ethnic shape gives this poem poet soul.”North” so the mind can affect the young generation, it is completely understandable, it is a poem full of patriotism.